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Bleach is a chemical solution used for various cleaning and disinfection purposes. It
is a potent oxidizer that may successfully remove stains, dirt, and, bacteria
from surfaces.
Calcium Hypochlorite (HTH), a chemical compound with a high reactivity level that
can harm organic matter and eliminate germs and viruses, is the main ingredient of
bleach. Bleach is frequently used to clean and

disinfect surfaces in homes, hospitals, and other settings.
Bleach should only be used carefully, though, as it can be dangerous if drunk or if it
comes in contact with the skin or eyes. Additionally, it must be kept out of the reach
of kids and pets, and kept separate from other home substances. When handling
bleach when producing, it’s crucial to adhere to the label’s directions and use the proper safety equipment.



• Bleach is frequently used to brighten and whiten clothing, especially white
materials. It can be used to soak clothes before washing them or to put to the
washing machine.
• Stain removal: Bleach works well to get rid of tough stains from clothes, carpets,
and other materials. Blood, coffee, and red wine stains are among the stubborn
stains that it is very effective at eradicating.
• Bleach is a potent disinfectant that can be used to eliminate bacteria, viruses, and
other microbes from surfaces. Kitchen counters, washroom surfaces, and other
high-touch areas are frequently cleaned with it.
• Toilets, sinks, and other bathroom fixtures can be cleaned and sanitized with
bleach. It has a strong cleaning impact on dirt, mold, and mildew.
• Mildew removal: Shower curtains, tile grout, and other surfaces in wet regions of
the house can all be cleaned with bleach to get rid of mildew.
• Bleach can be used in food service environments to sanitize dishes and other
kitchen implements. To avoid leaving any bleach residue on dishes, it’s crucial to
use the right bleach concentration and completely rinse the dishes.



The simple formula below which will produce for you 10 liters of quality and effective
Chemicals                                                                             Required Quantity
1. Calcium Hypochlorite (HTH)                                       700 g
2. Caustic Soda                                                                   ¼ kg
3. Soda Ash Dense                                                            ¼ kg

4. Sodium Sulphate                                                        ¼ kg
5. Water                                                                            10 liters

  1. Calcium Hypochlorite (HTH): Is a white solid with 65% chlorine that is readily
    available, calcium hypochlorite in bleach can fight germs, this is
    what makes bleach a disinfectant?
  2. Caustic Soda: Caustic soda is the chemical compound sodium hydroxide (NaOH). This compound is an alkali – a type of base that can neutralize acids and is soluble in water. Today caustic soda can be manufactured in the form of pellets, flakes, powders, solutions, and more.

What is caustic soda used for?

Caustic soda has become a common ingredient in the production of many everyday items. Commonly known as lye, it has been used to make soap for centuries, and its ability to dissolve grease makes it a common ingredient in oven cleaners and products used to unclog drains.

3. Soda Ash Dense: Is used in the production of the textile as a cleaning agent for bleaching and refining.

4. Sodium Sulphate: Sodium Sulphate also known as industrial salt is made up of 99% sodium chloride and other elements like calcium potassium, ion, and magnesium.


STEP 1: Dissolve HTH 700 grams into 9 liters of clean water and stir very well for 15 minutes
STEP 2: Add Caustic Soda ¼ kg into 1 liter of clean water and stir it well for 10
minutes to completely dissolve, add into the HTH solution and stir very well for 10
minutes. (Be careful when working with all chemicals especially
caustic soda, do not bend over the mixture when adding it in, it releases a choking
STEP 3: Add Soda Ash ¼ kg into the solution of HTH and Caustic Soda solution
and stir very well for 15 minutes
STEP 4: Add Sodium Sulphate ¼ kg into the solution and stir everything properly
for 15 minutes to blend well. After stirring for 15 minutes, you will now see a
whitish solution; you will need to let it settle so you can pour out your bleach.
NOTE: After production, cover your mixture and allow it to settle well for 72 hours
(3-days) before you filter.
After 72hrs, you will turn out your bleach gently which will settle on top into
another empty bucket.
Use a piece of cotton cloth to sieve the residue to collect the remaining bleach.
Wear gloves or nylon when sieving, don’t handle it with bare hands.
Dry the wet residue that will remain in your sieving cloth, this can serve as your
scrubbing powder when it is dry. Use to wash black pot also called vim.
You can go ahead to package the bleach that you turned out into your containers
of choice for personal use or supply to your customers.
Now the Bleach made from the process above is not completely Transparent but a kind of yellowish color.



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